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Question: Which of the following is an example of a stimulus-based definition of stress?

Options:

  1. Caroline experiences stress because she is home alone and hears unusual noises outside.
  2. Carrie experiences stress because she notices her car is almost out of gas and worries about being stranded on the highway, but then she feels better when she sees a gas station nearby.
  3. Grace experiences stress when she notices her heartbeat increasing in response to being separated from her parents at the amusement park.
  4. Laura experiences stress because she gasped and had difficulty breathing when she saw a spider.

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Best answer

1. Caroline experiences stress because she is home alone and hears unusual noises outside.

An example of a stimulus-based definition of stress is 'Caroline experiences stress because she is home alone and hears unusual noises outside'.


More information:

Stress as a demanding or threatening event or situation. Such conceptualizations are known as stimulus-based definitions because they characterize stress as a stimulus that causes certain reactions.

E.g., a high-stress job, overcrowding, and long commutes to work... etc.

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