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Question: Which of the following African countries was most successful in resisting colonization?


  1. Ethiopia
  2. Congo
  3. Namibia
  4. Côte d'Ivoire

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1. Ethiopia

The African country, Ethiopia was most successful in resisting colonization.


Ethiopia is considered  as never colonized. It was occupied by Italy from 1936–1941. But it did not result in a lasting colonial administration.

Traditional warriors, farmers and pastoralists as well as women defeated a well-armed Italian army in the northern town of Adwa. The outcome of this battle ensured Ethiopia's independence, making it the only African country never to be colonized.

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